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The Brontёs Chronology
Elizabeth Branwell was born at Penzance in Cornwall, elder sister of Maria Branwell. She brought the Bronte children up after their mother Maria Branwell (Bronte) died.
Patrick Bronte was born at Emdale, Drumballyroney, County Down, Ireland.
Maria Branwell was born at Penzance, Cornwall.
Patrick Bronte aged 25 registered as a student at St John's College Cambridge.
Patrick Bronte a student at St Johns College Cambridge, changed the spelling of his name from Brunty to Bronte.
Patrick Bronte was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree.
Patrick Bronte began his curacy at Dewsbury
Elizabeth Gaskell who wrote the Life of Charlotte Bronte was born.
Patrick Bronte and Maria Branwell were married at Guiseley Church.
Maria Bronte, first child of the Bronte family was baptised at Hartshead.
Elizabeth Bronte, second child of the Bronte family was born at Hartshead.
The Bronte family moved to the Parsonage at Market Street, Thornton, Bradford.
Elizabeth Bronte second child of the Bronte family was baptised at Thornton.
Charlotte Bronte, third child of the Bronte family was born at Thornton.
Charlotte Bronte third child of the Bronte family was baptised at Thornton.
Mary Taylor close friend of Charlotte Bronte was born.
Patrick Branwell Bronte fourth child of the Bronte family was born at Thornton.
Emily Jane Bronte, fifth child of the Bronte family was born at Thornton.
Emily Jane Bronte, fifth child of the Bronte family was baptised.
Arthur Bell Nicholls was born at Killhead, County Antrim, Ireland. He was Charlotte Bronte’s husband.
The resignation of the Revd. Samuel Redhead from the Perpetual Curacy of Haworth was officially recorded by the Bradford Parish Clerk. This was following the riotous protests against his appointment which Mrs. Gaskell describes in her Life of Charlotte Brontë.
Anne Bronte, sixth child of the Bronte family was born at Thornton.
Patrick Bronte was granted perpetual curacy of Haworth.
Anne Bronte sixth child of the Bronte family was baptised at Thornton.
The Bronte family moved from Thornton to Haworth Parsonage. The procession of seven carts and one covered wagon led up the Main St (then known as Kirkgate) finishing at Parsonage Lane (now Church St).
Maria Bronte wife of Patrick Bronte was diagnosed with cancer.
Maria Bronte wife of Patrick Bronte died at Haworth aged 38.
Maria Bronte wife of Patrick Bronte, was buried in the family vault at Haworth Parish Church. She had died on 15th September aged 38.
Patrick Bronte wrote:
"My dear wife was taken dangerously ill on the 29th of January last; and in a little more than seven months afterwards she died. During every week and almost every day of this long tedious interval I expected her final removal. I was left quite alone, unless you suppose my six little children and the nurse and servants to have been company."
Charlotte Bronte was sent to the Clergy Daughters School at Cowan Bridge.
Emily Bronte was sent to the Clergy Daughters School at Cowan Bridge.
Maria Bronte first child of the Bronte family died at Haworth of consumption. She was 12 years old.
The Bronte sisters left the Clergy Daughters School at Cowan Bridge; the conditions there were described as disgusting and filthy.
Elizabeth Bronte died at Haworth aged 10 years.
Elizabeth Bronte aged 10 was buried at Haworth. She had died on 15th June.
Timothy Feather was baptised by Patrick Bronte. He became known as the last Hand-loom Weaver and lived all his life at Stanbury.
Patrick Bronte returned from Leeds and gave a box of toy soldiers to Branwell.
Martha Brown who was a servant to the Bronte household was born.
"I am in the Kitchen of the Parsonage house Haworth. Tabby the servant is washing up after breakfast and Anne my youngest sister is kneeling on a chair looking at some cakes which Tabby has been baking for us. Emily is in the parlour brushing it, papa and Branwell are gone to Keighley. Aunt is up stairs in her room and I am sitting by the table writing this in the kitchen."
Charlotte Bronte - The History of the Year.
Charlotte Bronte wrote her poem "Morning".
Aunt Branwell who brought the Bronte children up made her will. The money helped finance Charlotte, Emily and Anne's early publications.
Emily Bronte wrote:
"I fed Rainbow, Diamond, Snowflake Jasper pheasent alias this morning. Branwell went down to Mr Drivers and brought news that Sir Robert Peel was going to be invited to stand for Leeds. Anne and I have been peeling apples for Charlotte to make an apple pudding.....Taby said just now come Anne pillopatate..."
Charlotte Bronte went as teacher to Miss Wooler's school Roe Head. Emily accompanied her as a pupil.
Branwell Bronte was proposed a Freemason.
Branwell Bronte became a full member of the Three Graces Lodge in Haworth.
Meeting held in the Sunday School rooms and chaired by Patrick Bronte to repeal the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834.
Charlotte Bronte received a letter from Robert Southey - The Poet Laureate: "Literature cannot be the business of a woman's life: & it ought not to be."
Emily Bronte wrote her poem "O God of Heaven! The dream of horror".
Branwell Bronte wrote his poem "At dead of midnight drearily".
Emily Bronte wrote the poem "A little while, a little while, The noisy crowd are barred away...".
Emily Bronte wrote her poem "The Bluebell".
Emily Bronte wrote the poem "The night was dark yet winter breathed...."
Charlotte Bronte wrote her poem "Life".
Anne Bronte became governess for the Ingham family at Blake Hall Mirfield.
Emily Bronte wrote her poem "And now the house-dog stretched once more".
Emily Bronte wrote the poem "The organ swells the trumpets sound".
Emily Bronte wrote the poem "Well, some may hate, and some may scorn, And some may quite forget thy name...".
Emily Bronte wrote the poem "Thy son is near meridian height, and my sun sinks in endless night...".
William Weightman who was Patrick Brontes curate sent Valentines to the three Bronte sisters, the first they had ever received.
Branwell Bronte was appointed Assistant Clerk at Sowerby Bridge Railway Station near Halifax. His starting salary was £75 a year.
Emily Bronte wrote her poem "Riches I hold in light esteem and Love I laugh to scorn...".
Charlotte Bronte became a governess for the White family who lived at Upperwood House, Rawdon, near Bradford.
Branwell Bronte was employed as Clerk in Charge of Luddenden Foot station near Hebden Bridge. While there he was known to frequent the Lord Nelson Tavern.
Emily Bronte wrote her poem "Aye, there it is! It wakes tonight".
Charlotte Bronte wrote her poem "Passion".
Charlotte and Emily Bronte began their journey to Brussels to stay at the Pensionnat Heger, a finishing school run by the Heger family. Patrick Bronte travelled with them on the journey.
Branwell Bronte was dismissed from his post as Clerk in charge of Luddenden Foot station near Hebden Bridge. There was a deficit in the station accounts attributed to Branwell Bronte's incompetence rather than theft.
William Weightman, Patrick Bronte's curate performed his last duty at Haworth. He had been visiting the sick and was taken ill with cholera, he died on 6th September 1842.
William Weightman who was Patrick Brontes curate died of cholera, the disease was prevalent in Haworth at the time.
William Weightman who was Patrick Brontes curate was buried. He had died of cholera on 6th September, the disease was prevalent in Haworth at the time.
A Memorial service was given by Patrick Bronte in memory of William Weightman who had died of cholera on 6th September. Patrick Bronte had loved him as a son.
Elizabeth Branwell, Aunt to the Bronte children who brought them up, died aged 66.
Elizabeth Branwell, Aunt to the Bronte children who brought them up, was buried at Haworth. She had died aged 66 on 29th October.
Anne Bronte wrote her poem "To Cowper".
Branwell Bronte attended his last meeting as Mason of the Three Graces Lodge in Haworth.
Branwell Bronte wrote his poem "Thorpe Green".
Patrick Bronte wrote to the Church trustees about the rumour in Haworth village regarding the lotion he was using for his weak eyesight. Gossip had circulated that the smell was similar to alcohol.
Anne Bronte wrote her poem "The Captive Dove".
Charlotte Bronte received a Diploma from the Pensionnat at Brussels.
Charlotte Bronte left the Penssionat at Brussels for home. While studying there she had received a Diploma.
Charlotte Bronte arrived back home at Haworth Parsonage, she had been studying at the Heger's Pensionnat at Brussels.
Emily Bronte wrote her poem "The Wanderer from the Fold".
Emily Bronte wrote a poem "The linnet in the rocky dells, The moor-lark in the air...".
Anne and Branwell Bronte returned to their employment as tutors for the Robinson family at Thorp Green.
Emily Bronte wrote her poem "The Philosopher".
Emily Bronte wrote her poem "Remembrance".
Emily Bronte wrote her poem "Death".
Emily Bronte wrote the poem Stars: "....All through the night, your glorious eyes were gazing down in mine,..."
The Reverend Arthur Bell Nicholls aged 26 was appointed Curate at Haworth with a salary of £100 per annum. He married Charlotte Bronte in 1854.
Anne Bronte wrote her poem "If this be all".
Branwell Bronte returned to his employment as tutor with the Robinson family at Thorp Green. While there he had an affair with Mrs Robinson.
Branwell Bronte was dismissed from his post as tutor for the Robinson family at Thorp Green. It had been discovered that while there, he had an affair with Mrs Robinson.
Emily Bronte wrote her poem "No coward soul is mine, No trembler in the world's storm-troubled sphere...".
Emily Bronte wrote the poem, "No coward soul is mine No trembler in the world's storm-troubled sphere...".
Charlotte Bronte sent a manuscript of poems to Messrs. Aylott and Jones publishers. They used the pseudonym of Acton, Currer and Ellis Bell.
Charlotte Bronte wrote to publisher Aylott & Jones:
"C.E & A Bell are now preparing for the Press a work of fiction - consisting of three distinct and unconnected tales which may be published together as a work of 3 vols. of ordinary novel-size, or separately as single vols - as shall be deemed most advisable."
Branwell Bronte visited the Halifax Guardian and placed an advert for a post that would take him abroad.
First printed copies of the Book of "Poems" by Charlotte, Emily and Anne Bronte arrived at the Parsonage. They had used the pseudonym of Acton, Currer and Ellis Bell.
Mrs Robinson's husband died, she had a relationship with Branwell Bronte and news of the death gave Branwell hope of marriage.
The published Bronte Poems using the pseudonym of Acton, Currer and Ellis Bell received favourable criticism. Only two copies were sold.
Surgeons performed an operation on Patrick Bronte's cataracts at Manchester. The operation was successful and after a month convalescing he was able to read again.
Emily Bronte wrote the poem "Why ask to know the date – the clime?”.
Branwell Bronte through heavy drinking had incurred debts. Officers charged him to pay the debt off or go to prison. The Bronte family had to bail him out.
Charlotte Bronte wrote:
"I hope you are not frozen up; the cold here is dreadful. I do not remember such a series of North-Pole days. England might really have taken a slide up into the Arctic Zone; the sky looks like ice; the earth is frozen; the wind is as keen as a two-edged blade."
The manuscripts of Emily Bronte's Wuthering Heights and Anne's Agnes Grey were sent to the publishers; T.C. Newby. They were published in December 1847.
Charlotte Bronte sent the manuscript of the "Professor" to the publisher Smith, Elder and Co. Cornhill. It was not published.
Charlotte Bronte's manuscript of Jane Eyre was sent to the publisher Smith, Elder and Co. Cornhill.
Charlotte Bronte's novel Jane Eyre was published under the pseudonym Currer Bell.
Charlotte Bronte received copies of her published novel "Jane Eyre".
Charlotte Bronte received payment for her novel Jane Eyre which was published on 16th October 1847.
Emily and Anne received six published copies of their novels, Wuthering Heights and Agnes Grey from their publishers.
Charlotte and Anne Bronte visited London to meet their publisher and revealed their true identity. The Bronte sisters had been using the pseudonyms Acton Currer and Bell.
Anne Bronte finished the preface to the second edition of her novel the Tenant of Wildfell Hall.
Branwell Bronte was buried in the family vault at Haworth Parish Church. He had died on 24th September aged 31. The service was conducted by William Morgan.
Emily Brontes health was poor. Charlotte Bronte wrote of her sister having difficulty breathing and pains in her chest.
Emily Bronte died at 2 o'clock in the afternoon. She was 30 years old.
Emily Bronte was buried in the family vault at Haworth Parish Church. She had died on 19th December aged 30.
Anne Bronte caught influenza, consumption was diagnosed in both lungs.
Charlotte and Anne Bronte went to Scarborough with Ellen Nussey. Anne’s health was declining.
Anne Bronte died at 2 o'clock in the afternoon aged 29 at Scarborough.
Anne Bronte was buried at St Mary's churchyard Castle Hill Scarborough. She had died on 28th May aged 29.
The lack of fresh water in Haworth was a concern. Patrick Bronte had prepared a petition which was sent to the General Board of Health in London in an effort to improve sanitation.
Charlotte Bronte completed her novel Shirley.
Patrick Bronte sent a second petition to the General Board of Health in London about the poor sanitation in Haworth.
Charlotte Bronte's novel Shirley was published under the pseudonym Currer Bell.
Patrick Bronte wrote to the General Board of Health in London asking them to survey the water supply in Haworth.
Benjamin Herschel Babbage travelled to Haworth to examine the sanitary condition of the village on behalf of the General Board of Health.
Benjamin Herschel Babbage Inspector of the General Board of Health in London opened his investigation on the state of the water supply in Haworth. His report found the sanitation was poor, open sewers coursing down Main St and water leaching from the graveyard into the main source of drinking water.
Patrick Bronte wrote: " I have been rather uneasy by information from Mr Nicholls, respecting a path leading through the Church lands to the Mill".
Charlotte Bronte wrote of her dead sister Emily Bronte:
"For my part I am free to walk on the moors - but when I go out there alone - everything reminds me of the times when others were with me and then the moors seem a wilderness, featureless, solitary, saddening - My sister Emily had a particular love for them , and there is not a knoll of heather, not a branch of fern, not a young bilberry leaf not a fluttering lark or linnet but reminds me of her."
Charlotte Bronte met the Duke of Wellington at the Chapel Royal London.
Charlotte Bronte sat for her portrait. She was drawn by the artist George Redmond.
Patrick Bronte wrote again to the General Board of Health regarding sanitation in Haworth: "Yet after, tedious delay, they, have, as far as we know done almost nothing - We might have thought that this arose from a press of more urgent business, had it not been, that we have learned from good authority, that their salutatory rules have been adopted, and enforced, in various other places where there was less necessity for them".
Charlotte Bronte completed the first draft of her novel "Villette".
Charlotte Bronte visited Filey staying at the same lodgings she and Ellen Nussey had stayed after Anne's death. Charlotte went to visit Anne’s grave and discovered a number of errors on the Gravestone, in particular Anne's age, the date on the stone is 28, she was 29 when she died.
Arthur Bell Nicholls proposed to Charlotte Bronte. Charlotte informed her father who was not pleased about the marriage proposal. She wrote to Nicholls rejecting him.
Charlotte Bronte's novel Villette was published.
Patrick Bronte wrote a reference on behalf of A.B. Nicholls to the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. He said that Nichols had been his curate for seven years and had ‘behaved himself wisely, soberly and piously.’
Nicholls had applied to the SPG for a missionary post in Australia after Charlotte turned down his proposal of marriage.
A.B. Nicholls wrote to the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel enquiring whether his application for a missionary posting had been received as he had not had a reply.
Elizabeth Gaskell who wrote "The life of Charlotte Bronte" visited Charlotte Bronte at Haworth.
Arthur Bell Nicholls proposed to Charlotte Bronte who accepted.
Patrick Bronte wrote a testimonial for William Brown asserting his competence as a sexton.
Charlotte Bronte and Arthur Bell Nicholls were married at Haworth Church at 8.00am in the morning. 2004 wedding re-enactment here...
Charlotte Bronte and Arthur Bell Nicholls returned to Haworth from their honeymoon in Ireland. They were married on 29th June 1854.
Charlotte Bronte and her husband Arthur Nicholls walked to what is now known as the Bronte waterfalls. Charlotte had wished to see the waterfall in all its glory as heavy rain and melting snow had turned the water into a "perfect torrent".
Charlotte Bronte was examined by Dr Mc Turk and was found to be pregnant.
Tabitha Ackroyd "Tabby" faithful servant of the Bronte family died aged 85.
Charlotte Bronte died at Haworth, she was 38 years of age.
There's no use in weeping,
Though we are condemned to part:
There's such a thing as keeping
A remembrance in one's heart:
Parting by Charlotte Bronte
Charlotte Bronte was buried in the family vault at Haworth Parish Church. She had died on 31st March aged 38.
Patrick Bronte made his own will.
Elizabeth Gaskell visited Haworth to meet Patrick Bronte to discuss the biography of Charlotte Bronte.
John Brown was buried in the Churchyard. Arthur Nicholls officiated, Patrick Brontë sat with Mrs. Mary Brown and Martha Brown in the Bronte pew.
Elizabeth Gaskell wrote of Charlotte Bronte:
"leaving all authorship on one side, her character as a woman was unusual to the point of being unique. I never heard or read of anyone who was for an instant, or in any respect, to be compared to her. And everything she did and every word she said and wrote bore the impress of this remarkable character."
The manuscript of the "Life of Charlotte Bronte" by Elizabeth Gaskell was completed.
Patrick Bronte carried out his last marriage service at Haworth church.
The "Life of Charlotte Bronte" by Elizabeth Gaskell was published.
Charlotte Bronte's previously rejected novel "The Professor" was published.
Patrick Bronte preached his last sermon from the pulpit of Haworth Church
Patrick Bronte died at Haworth. He was 84.
Patrick Bronte was buried in the family vault at Haworth Church. He had died on the 7th June aged 84.
The auction of Bronte household items took place in Haworth.
Arthur Bell Nichols married again.
Elizabeth Gaskell who wrote the Life of Charlotte Bronte died. 360 degree view of Elizabeth Gaskell's Grave here...
Elizabeth Gaskell who wrote the Life of Charlotte Bronte was buried at Brook Street Chapel in Knutsford. She had died on November 12th 1865. 360 degree view of Elizabeth Gaskell's Grave here...
Martha Brown servant of the Brontes died aged 52.
Mme Heger died in Brussels. The family ran the Pensionnat Heger, a finishing school in Brussels which Charlotte and Emily Bronte had attended.
Mary Taylor close friend of Charlotte Bronte died.
The Bronte society was founded in Bradford.
The first Bronte Museum opened on the upper floor of the Yorkshire Penny Bank at Haworth. The building is now the Tourist Information Centre.
Ellen Nussey, Charlotte Bronte's life long friend died aged 80
Arthur Bell Nicholls husband of Charlotte Bronte died. He was 87.
"Dr Wilson says the Rev. John Wade Mr Story’s predecessor told him that when the Church was rebuilt in 1880 all bodies were removed from the interior of the Church keeping that of Mr Charnock and those of the Bronte family. Rev P.B lies about the chancel steps and Charlotte Emily etc under the large pillar on the right. Vault covered with concrete for foundation of pillar.”
The portrait of Charlotte, Emily and Anne Bronte, painted by Branwell Bronte was exhibited for the first time at the National Portrait Gallery. It had been presumed lost. After Charlotte Bronte died her husband Rev. Nichols took the picture to Ireland. In 1914 it was discovered folded in a cupboard, the creases are visible on the picture.
The Parsonage at Haworth was officially handed over to the Bronte Society.
|© Митрофанова Екатерина Борисовна, 2009 ||