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Maria Branwell



Maria Branwell [1] (15 April 1783 – 15 September 1821) Maria Branwell is the mother of English writers Emily Brontë, Anne Brontë and Charlotte Brontë. [2]
 
 
 
Contents
 
1 Early life
2 Courtship and marriage
3 Later life
4 Brontë children works
5 Brontës in the media
6 Parsonage Museum
7 Reference
 
 
Early life

Maria Branwell was the eighth child of eleven born to Thomas Branwell and Anne Carne in Penzance Cornwall. Thomas Branwell was a successful merchant and owned many properties all over town. The Branwell Family was very involved with local politics and helped to open the first Wesleyan Methodist Chapel in Penzance. 
 
 
 
Courtship and marriage

Maria met her husband Patrick Brontë in 1812 upon moving to Yorkshire after four family deaths between 1808 and 1812, two of deaths were her mother's and father's. Maria moved to Yorkshire to work for her aunt Jane's husband John Fennell,[3] a Methodist minister who, in 1812, was appointed Headmaster of the newly opened Woodhouse Grove School at Rawdon, between Leeds and Bradford in Yorkshire. Patrick was a former colleague of John Fennell. Maria was hired as a housekeeper. Maria and Patrick married after only a year upon meeting each other.[4] Maria and Patrick where married on 29 December 1812 at Guiseley Parish Church by mutual friend Reverend William Morgan. 
 
 
 
Later life

Maria and Patrick's first home was Clough House in Hightown. Maria and Patrick's first two children, Maria and Elizabeth were born there in 1814 and 1815. Maria and Patrick's second home in Thornton, the next four Brontë children were born. Charlotte Brontë (1816), Patrick Branwell Brontë (1817), Emily Jane (1818) and Anne Brontë (1820). In 1820 the Brontës moved to Haworth. After moving to Haworth Maria developed cancer and died seven and half months later. Her youngest daughter Anne was only twenty months old. 
 
 
 
Brontë children works

Charlotte, Emily and Anne Brontë published novels under the pseudo names Curr, Ellis and Acton Bell. Charlotte is famous for publishing Jane Eyre (1847), Shirley (1849) and Villette (1853). Emily Brontë published Wuthering Heights (1847) and Anne published Agnes Grey (1847) and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall (1848). The only work besides poems and letters that Maria wrote was the essay The Advantages of Poverty, In Religious Concerns. It was never published. The essay can be found in the book Life and Letters by Clemont Shorter. The Essay can be found under the name Mrs. Brontë.
 
 
 
Brontës in the media

Compassion and Courage are revealed in father's letters" article from 2005 in the Yorkshire Post about Patrick Brontë. The Brontë Sisters from BBC. Information about the Brontë sisters. Growing up and Zoning Out. An article that talks about the lack of a mother figure for the Brontë girls. 
 
 
 
Parsonage Museum

Located in Haworth, West Yorkshire, the Brontë home is now a museum. The museum is open year round. The museum gives you information about how the Brontës lived and where they wrote their novels.[5]
 
 
 
Reference

^ www.bronte.org.uk/index.php ^ Glen, Heather. The Cambridge Companion to the Brontës. Cambridge companions to literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. ^ http://www.cornwall-calling.co.uk/famous-cornish-people/branwell.htm ^ http://www.bronte.org.uk/index.php ^ http://www.bronte.org.uk/index.php?option=com_frontpage&Itemid=26
 
 
Categories: Brontë family






 
Источник:
© Митрофанова Екатерина Борисовна, 2009 |