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Emily Brontë 


 
Emily Brontë
 
 
A portrait of Emily made by her brother, Branwell Brontë
 
Born Emily Jane Brontë
30 July 1818 (1818-07-30)
Thornton, West Yorkshire, England
Died 19 December 1848 (aged 30)
Haworth, Yorkshire, England
Pen name Ellis Bell
Occupation Poet and novelist
Nationality English
Literary movement Romanticism
Notable work(s) Wuthering Heights

Influences
The Bible, Shakespeare



Influenced
Virginia Woolf, Joyce Carol Oates, Anne Carson, Phillip Roth, Alice Munro



Emily Jane Brontë (pronounced /ˈbrɒnti/ or /ˈbrɒnteɪ/)[1] (30 July 1818 – 19 December 1848) was an English novelist and poet, now best remembered for her novel Wuthering Heights, a classic of English literature. Emily was the second eldest of the three surviving Brontë sisters, between Charlotte and Anne. She published under the androgynous pen name Ellis Bell.
 
 
 
Contents

1 Biography
2 See also
3 Notes
4 References
5 Further reading
6 External links 
 
 
 Biography

Emily Brontë was born in Thornton, near Bradford in Yorkshire, to Patrick Brontë and Maria Branwell. She was the younger sister of Charlotte Brontë and the fifth of six children. In 1824, the family moved to Haworth, where Emily's father was perpetual curate, and it was in these surroundings that their literary oddities flourished. In childhood, after the death of their mother, the three sisters and their brother Patrick Branwell Brontë created imaginary lands, which were featured in stories they wrote. Little of Emily's work from this period survived, except for poems spoken by characters (The Brontës' Web of Childhood, Fannie Ratchford, 1941).
In 1838, Emily commenced work as a governess at Miss Patchett's Ladies Academy at Law Hill School, near Halifax, leaving after about six months due to homesickness. Later, with her sister Charlotte, she attended a private school in Brussels run by Constantin Heger and his wife, Claire Zoë Parent Heger. They later tried to open up a school at their home, but had no pupils.
It was the discovery of Emily's poetic talent by Charlotte that led her and her sisters to publish a joint collection of their poetry in 1846, Poems by Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell. To evade contemporary prejudice against female writers, the Brontë sisters adopted androgynous first names. All three retained the same initials: Charlotte became Currer Bell, Anne became Acton Bell and Emily became Ellis Bell.
In 1847, she published her only novel, Wuthering Heights, as two volumes of a three volume set (the last volume being Agnes Grey by her sister Anne). Its innovative structure somewhat puzzled critics. Although it received mixed reviews when it first came out, the book subsequently became an English literary classic. In 1850, Charlotte edited and published Wuthering Heights as a stand-alone novel and under Emily's real name.
 
 
A portrait of Constantin Heger (1865),
Professor of Emily and Charlotte during their
stay in Brussels in 1842


Emily's health, like her sisters', had been weakened by the harsh local climate at home and at school. She caught a cold during the funeral of her brother in September, which led to tuberculosis. Refusing medical help, she died on 19 December 1848 at about two in the afternoon. She was interred in the Church of St. Michael and All Angels family capsule, Haworth, West Yorkshire.
 
 
See also

Brontë Walterclough Hall
Wuthering Heights
 
 
 
Notes

^ forvo.com Emily Brontë
 
 
References

This article incorporates public domain text from : Cousin, John William (1910). A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London, J. M. Dent & Sons; New York, E. P. Dutton. [edit] Further reading
Emily Brontë, Charles Simpson In the Footsteps of the Brontës, Ellis Chadwick The Oxford Reader's Companion to the Brontës, Christine Alexander & Margaret Smith Literature and Evil, Georges Bataille The Brontë Myth, Lucasta Miller Emily, Daniel Wynne Dark Quartet, Lynne Reid Banks Emily Brontë, Winifred Gerin A Chainless Soul: A Life of Emily Brontë, Katherine Frank Emily Brontë. Her Life and Work, Muriel Spark and Derek Stanford Emily's Ghost: A Novel of the Brontë Sisters, Denise Giardina 
 
 
 
External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Emily Brontë
Wikisource has original works written by or about: Emily Brontë
Works by Emily Brontë at Project Gutenberg Website of the Brontë Parsonage Museum in Haworth Some poems by Emily Brontë Emily Brontë's grave Memorial Page for Emily Brontë at Find-a-Grave Short biography and selected Poems Reader's Guide to Wuthering Heights Map of Locations associated with Wuthering Heights and Emily Brontë Dutch website on the Brontës
 
 

Brontë sisters

Charlotte
The Green Dwarf (1833) · Jane Eyre (1847) · Shirley (1849) · Villette (1853) · The Professor (1857)


Emily
Wuthering Heights (1847)


Anne
Agnes Grey (1847) · The Tenant of Wildfell Hall (1848)


Collaborative work
Poems by Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell (1846)


See also
Brontë Country · Patrick Brontë · Branwell Brontë · Ellen Nussey · Constantin Heger · Victorian literature



Persondata

NAME Brontë, Emily Jane
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Bell, Ellis
SHORT DESCRIPTION English novelist and poet
DATE OF BIRTH 30 July 1818(1818-07-30)
PLACE OF BIRTH Thornton, Yorkshire, England
DATE OF DEATH 19 December 1848
PLACE OF DEATH Haworth, Yorkshire, England
 
 
Categories: English poets | English novelists | Women novelists | Women of the Victorian era | Victorian novelists | English Anglicans | Deaths from tuberculosis | 1818 births | 1848 deaths | Governesses | Female authors who wrote under male or gender-neutral pseudonyms | People from Thornton and Allerton | Women poets | English women writers | Victorian poets | Victorian poetry | Brontë family | Christian writers | Infectious disease deaths in England
Hidden categories: Wikipedia pages named with diacritics | Articles needing additional references from September 2009 | All articles needing additional references | Wikipedia articles incorporating text from A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature



 
 
Источник:
© Митрофанова Екатерина Борисовна, 2009 |