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Charlotte Brontë and Her Circle by Clement King Shorter
 
 
{330} _De Quincey Memorials_, by Alexander H. Japp. 2 vols. 1891. William Heinemann. {332a} _Agnes Grey_, a novel, by Acton Bell. Vol. III. London, Thomas Cautley Newby, publisher, 72 Mortimer Street, Cavendish Square. {332b} And yet the error not infrequently occurs, and was recently made by Professor Saintsbury (_Nineteenth Century Literature_), of assuming that it was _Jane Eyre_ which met with many refusals. {332c} Mr. Nicholls assures me that the manuscript was not rewritten after his marriage, although I had thought it possible, not only on account of its intrinsic merits, which have not been sufficiently acknowledged, but on account of the singular fact that Mlle. Henri, the charming heroine, is married in a white muslin dress, and that her going-away dress was of lilac silk. These were the actual wedding dresses of Mrs. Nicholls. {333} Anne Marsh (1791-1874), a daughter of James Caldwell, J.P., of Linley Wood, Staffordshire, married a son of the senior partner in the London banking firm of Marsh, Stacey, & Graham. Her first volume appeared in 1834, and contained, under the title of _Two Old Men's Tales_, two stories, _The Admiral's Daughter_ and _The Deformed_, which won considerable popularity. _Emilia Wyndham_, _Time_, _the Avenger_, _Mount Sorel_, and _Castle Avon_, are perhaps the best of her many subsequent novels. {335} _The Professor_ was published, with a brief note by Mr. Nicholls, two years after the death of its author. _The Professor_, a Tale, by Currer Bell, in two volumes. Smith, Elder & Co., 65 Cornhill, 1857. {348} Lady Eastlake died in 1893. {349} _Letters and Journals_ of Lady Eastlake, edited by her nephew, Charles Eastlake Smith, vol. i. pp. 221, 222 (John Murray). {350} _Life of J. G. Lockhart_, by Andrew Lang. Published by John Nimmo. Mr. Lang has courteously permitted me to copy this letter from his proof-sheets. {361} Name of place is erased in original. {373} Thus in original letter. {398} That Thackeray had written a certain unfavourable critique of _Shirley_. {402} This article was by John Skelton (_Shirley_). {403} Now in the possession of Mr. A. B. Nicholls. {408} Thackeray writes to Mr. Brookfield, in October 1848, as follows:--'Old Dilke of the _Athenaeum_ vows that Procter and his wife, between them, wrote _Jane Eyre_; and when I protest ignorance, says, "Pooh! you know who wrote it--you are the deepest rogue in England, etc." I wonder whether it can be true? It is just possible. And then what a singular circumstance is the + fire of the two dedications' [_Jane Eyre_ to Thackeray, _Vanity Fair_ to Barry Cornwall].--_A Collection of Letters to W. M. Thackeray_, 1847-1855. Smith and Elder. {423} _Chapters from Some Memories_, by Anne Thackeray Ritchie. Macmillan and Co. Mrs. Ritchie and her publishers kindly permit me to incorporate her interesting reminiscence in this chapter. {432} George Henry Lewes (1817-1878). Published _Biographical History of Philosophy_, 1845-46; _Ranthorpe_, 1847; _Rose_, _Blanche_, _and Violet_, 1848; _Life of Goethe_, 1855. Editor of the _Fortnightly Review_, 1865-66. _Problems of Life and Mind_, 1873-79; and many other works. {434} Richard Hengist Horne (1803-1884). Published _Cosmo de Medici_, 1837; _Orion_, an epic poem in ten books, passed through six editions in 1843, the first three editions being issued at a farthing; _A New Spirit of the Age_, 1844; _Letters of E. B. Browning to R. H. Horne_, 1877. {444} Printed by the kind permission of the Rev. C. W. Heald, of Chale, I.W. {446} Sir James Kay-Shuttleworth (1804-1877). A doctor of medicine, who was made a baronet in 1849, on resigning the secretaryship of the Committee of Council on Education; assumed the name of Shuttleworth on his marriage, in 1842, to Janet, the only child and heiress of Robert Shuttleworth of Gawthorpe Hall, Burnley (died 1872). His son, the present baronet, is the Right Hon. Sir Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth. {457a} Some experiments on a farm of two acres. {457b} Letters of Matthew Arnold, collected and arranged by George W. E. Russell. {468} Mr. Nicholls is the Mr. Macarthey of _Shirley_. Here is the reference which not unnaturally gratified him:--'Perhaps I ought to remark that, on the premature and sudden vanishing of Mr. Malone from the stage of Briarfield parish . . . there came as his successor, another Irish curate, Mr. Macarthey. I am happy to be able to inform you, _with truth_, that this gentleman did as much credit to his country as Malone had done it discredit; he proved himself as decent, decorous, and conscientious, as Peter was rampant, boisterous, and--(this last epithet I choose to suppress, because it would let the cat out of the bag). He laboured faithfully in the parish; the schools, both Sunday and day-schools, flourished under his sway like green bay-trees. Being human, of course he had his faults; these, however, were proper, steady-going, clerical faults: the circumstance of finding himself invited to tea with a dissenter would unhinge him for a week; the spectacle of a Quaker wearing his hat in the church, the thought of an unbaptized fellow-creature being interred with Christian rites--these things could make strange havoc in Mr. Macarthey's physical and mental economy; otherwise he was sane and rational, diligent and charitable.'--_Shirley_, chap. xxxvii. {469} John Stuart Mill, who, however, attributed the authorship of this article to his wife. {491} The Nusseys. {495} The Rev. George Sowden, vicar of Hebden Bridge, Halifax, and honorary canon of Wakefield, is still alive. INDEX ABBOTSFORD, 453-4. Academy of Arts Royal, 14, 15, 124. _Agnes Grey_--its publication, 161, 184, 331, 332; reprint, 364, 365; Charlotte on, 162, 336, 337, 388; value of, 181. Ahaderg, County Down, 28. Alexander, Miss, 468. Ambleside, 126, 205, 442, 454, 457. _Amy Herbert_, 260. Antwerp, 102. Appleby, 285, 287. Arnold, Matthew, 145, 457, 458, 459. Arnold, Dr., 263, 400, 442, 454, 456, 457, 458, 459. Arnold, Mrs. Thomas, 456, 458. _Athanaeum_, 178, 334, 340, 404, 408, 431, 459. Atkinson, Mr., 211, 312, 313. _Atlas_, 414, 415. Austen, Jane, 399, 445. Aylott & Jones, 325-9, 331. BANGOR, 491. 'Beck, Madame.' _See_ Heger, Madame. Bedford, Mr., 40, 47. Bell, Rev. Alan, 465. Bell Chapel, Thornton, 56. _Bengal Hurkaru_, 362. Bennoch, Francis, 491. Bernard-Beere, Mrs., 164. _Berwick Warder_, 165. Bierly, 47. Birch-Pfeiffer, Charlotte, 164. Birrell, Augustine, 29, 30. Birstall, 3, 107, 116, 210, 214, 224, 239, 261, 312, 457. 'Black Bull,' Haworth, 143, 361. _Blackwood's Magazine_, 121, 139, 141, 147. Blake Hall, 84, 149, 182, 296. Blanche, Mdlle., 114, 117. Bolitho, Sons, & Co, 103. _Bombay Gazette_, 323. Borrow's _Bible in Spain_, 189. Bowling Green Inn, Bradford, 106. Bradford, 41, 42, 46, 51, 58, 124, 150, 206, 211, 284, 292. _Bradford Observer_, 168, 407. _Bradford Review_, 54. Bradley, Rev. Richard, 291. Branwells of Cornwall, 30. Branwell, Anne, 34. Branwell, Charlotte, 33, 34. Branwell, Eliza, 217. Branwell, Elizabeth, 34, 51, 52, 61, 92, 96, 102, 103-4, 105, 112, 147. Branwell, John, 217. Branwell, Joseph, 34, 491. Branwell, Margaret, 34. Branwell, Maria. _See_ Bronte, Mrs. Branwell, Thomas, 33. Branty, 28. Braxborne, 395. Bremer, Frederika, 187. 'Bretton Mrs.' _See_ Smith, Mrs. Brewster, Sir David, 268, 463. Briery, Windermere, 5. Britannia, 358. 'Brocklehurst Mr.' _See_ Wilson, Carus. Bromsgrove, 134. Bronte, Anne Chapter VII., 181-203 birth, 51; baptism, 56, 57; at Haworth, 60; as governess, 19, 88, 90, 97, 112, 128, 150, 296; at Brussels, 128; at Scarborough, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201; in Miss Branwell's will, 103; and Charlotte, 113, 159, 352; as Emily's chum, 120, 144, 145, 147, 148; and Miss Nussey, 160, 182-4, 208, 209, 219, 307; and the Misses Robinson, 137, 182, 288; and Mr. Weightman, 286; her dog (_see_ Flossie); her drawings, 67; her letters, 144; her unpublished MSS, 25, 61, 62, 71-2, 144; her novels (see _Agnes Grey_ and _The Tenant of Wildfell Hall_) her poems, 325-331; her portrait, 123; her illness and death, 175, 176, 185, 186, 187, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194, 262, 281, 393, 439, 440, 467; her grave, 203. Bronte, Branwell Chapter V., 120-143; birth, 51, 123; baptism, 57; at school, 123, 290, 291; at the Royal Academy of Arts, 14, 15, 124; at Luddenden Foot, 127, 147, 148, 150, 152; in his aunt's will, 103, 104, 105; and Anne, 154; and Charlotte, 25, 81, 92, 93, 119, 120, 121, 122, 131, 140, 141; Charlotte's letters to, 112-14, 115, 120, 239; and Emily, 142; and his father, 137, 138, 139, 142, 465; and Hartley Coleridge, 125-7; and F. H. Grundy, 128; Jane Eyre, 14, 143; and Miss Nussey, 106, 219; and the Robinsons, 18, 19, 112, 128, 129-31, 136, 137, 182; his sketches, 14, 67, 123; his writings, 72, 73, 123, 125-7; his translation of Horace, 126; his portrait, 138; his character, 124; his idleness, 133, 134, 135, 137; his death, 61, 138-41, 165, 191. Bronte, Charlotte birth, 51; baptism, 57; her place at the Haworth dinner-table, 60; childhood, 56-73; her father (_see_ Bronte, Patrick) her mother (_see_ Bronte, Mrs. Patrick) her sisters (_see_ Bronte, Anne; Bronte, Emily; _Agnes Grey_; _Tenant of Wildfell Hall_; _Wuthering Heights_) her brother (_see_ Bronte, Branwell) her school life (_see_ Wooler, Margaret; Cowan Bridge; and Roe Head) her school friends (_see_ Nussey, Ellen; Taylor, Mary) at the Sidgwicks' (_q.v._), 79-84; at the Whites' (_q.v._), 85-94; at Brussels (_see_ Heger M. and Madame; Jenkins, Rev. Mr.; The _Professor_; _Villette_; Wheelwright, Laetitia); in London, 14, 107, 214, 268, 270, 416, 417-28; her father's curates, 280-92 (_see also_ De Renzi, Rev. Mr.; Nicholls, Rev. A. B.; Smith, Rev. Peter Augustus; Weightman, Rev. W.; and _Shirley_) her lovers, 293-324 (_see also_ Nicholls, Rev. A. B.; Nussey, Rev. Henry; Taylor, James) her literary ambitions, 325-369; her unpublished literary work, 61-7, 68; her published work (see _Jane Eyre_, _The Professor_, _Shirley_, _Villette_, _Poems_); her publishers (_see_ Aylott & Jones, Newby, and Smith Elder & Co); her literary friendships, 429-463 (_see also_ Gaskell, Mrs.; Martineau, Harriet; Smith, George; Thackeray, W. M.; Williams, W. S.); her critics (_see_ Eastlake, Lady; Kingsley, Charles; Lewes, G. H.; and various periodicals); her marriage, 8, 261, 464, 491 (_see_ Nicholls, Rev. A. B.); her appearance, 22, 74, 293, 457; her death, 500; her grave, 54, 500; her will, 24, 500; her biography, 1-26 (_see also_ Gaskell, Mrs.; Grundy, F. H.; Leyland, F. A.; Nussey, Ellen; Reid, Sir Wemyss); her portrait, 123, 294; on affection for her family, 88; on children, 376-8, 381; on female friendships, 205; on governessing, 84, 228, 382; on ladies' college, 277; on women in the professions, 378, 382, 395, 396; on marriage, 261, 295-6, 298, 303, 304-6, 307, 310, 383, 394, 493, 494; on spinsters, 134; on men, 199, 490; on authors and bookmakers, 165; on her critics, 176, 269; on lionising, 266, 270; on literary coteries, 270, 353, 389, 399; on money rewards of literature, 275; on the art of biography, 385; on her heroes, 345; on the French, 411; on French politics, 343, 373; on war, 264; on Shakespeare-acting, 270; on dancing, 211; on the Bible, 213, 216; on religion, 140, 166, 193, 211; on the value of work, 203, 396. Bronte, Elizabeth, 51, 56, 74, 358. Bronte, Emily Chapter VI, 144-180; birth, 51; baptism, 57; at Haworth, 59, 60; her childhood, 74; her school days, 145; as a teacher, 15, 145; at Brussels, 97, 100, 102, 111, 133, 145; as Anne's chum, 120, 144; in Miss Branwell's will, 103; and the French newspapers, 241; Charlotte's letters to, 25, 91, 114, 116, 117, 119; her religion, 14, 100, 145; her portrait, 123-4; her likeness to G. H. Lewes, 432; her messages to Miss Nussey, 160-1, 208, 209; her dog (_see_ Keeper); her sketches, 67, 154, 157; her unpublished writings, 61, 62, 70, 146, 148, 150-2; her novel (see _Wuthering Heights_); her poetry, 144, 154, 325-31; her illness and death, 165, 166-75, 186, 345; her character, 60, 111, 112, 144, 146, 167, 177; Matthew Arnold on, 145; Charlotte on, 4, 165, 337; Sydney Dobell on, 145; A. Mary F. Robinson on, 121, 122; Swinburne on, 146; Dr. Wright on, 157, 158; Bronte, Hugh, 55, 158. Bronte, Maria, 51, 56, 57, 74, 404. Bronte, Museum, 23. Bronte, name, 29. Bronte, Rev. Patrick Chapter 1, 27-55 his pedigree, 28-9, 157, 158; at Cambridge, 28, 97; at Weatherfield, 29-30; at Hartshead, 30-51, 56; at Thornton, 51; goes to Haworth, 51; his courtship, 25, 30-51; his marriage, 30, 51; his wife (_see_ Bronte, Mrs. Patrick); his church, 56 (_see also_ Haworth) his curates, 280-292; his home, 56; his study, 60, 61; his children at home, 60-2; takes his children to school, 74; his view of his daughters' literary successes, 52; and Miss Branwell, 51, 104; and his son, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142; and Charlotte, 31, 161, 209, 222, 229, 264, 267, 271; Charlotte's letters to, 5, 419, 423, 451-2, 454, 461, 463, 471; and Charlotte's biography, 2, 3, 9-12, 16, 17, 31, 67; and Charlotte's wedding, 261 (_see also_ Nicholls Rev. A. B.); and Emily, 147, 175, 193; and Mary Burder, 29, 30; and Rev. A. B. Nicholls, 28, 54, 55, 292, 474, 475-6, 477, 481, 485, 487; and Miss Nussey, 11, 12, 159, 183, 211, 237; and Flossy's death, 230; and James Taylor, 309; and Miss Wooler, 269, 274, 369; his gun, 28; his illnesses, 176, 184, 231, 232, 241, 272, 307, 315, 451, 470, 482, 484; his poems, 32; his character, 52, 53; his recluse habits, 186, 308; Mrs. Gaskell's view of, 16, 27; his death, 54, 501; his will, 55. Bronte, Mrs. Patrick--her pedigree, 33; her love letters, 25, 31-51; her marriage, 30; her life at Haworth, 59-61; her portrait, 34. Bronte, pedigree, 28, 358. Brook, Mrs., 284, 296. Brookfield, Mrs., 421, 422. Brookroyd, 10, 15, 85, 93, 94, 105, 106, 119, 131, 174, 206, 211, 213, 214, 219, 222, 224, 225, 242, 275, 291, 297, 477, 491, 493, 494, 499. Brougham, John, 163. Broughton-in-Furness, 124, 125. Brown, John, 152, 468, 476, 479. Brown, Martha, 18, 19, 52, 54, 55, 60, 124, 149, 151, 153, 202, 271, 319, 361, 424, 425, 426, 452, 455, 461, 462, 463, 471, 472, 474, 476, 478. Brown, Tabby, 54, 55, 60, 149, 151, 152, 153, 202, 239, 271, 463. Brown, William, 104. Browning, Mrs., 270, 434. Bruntee, 29. Brunty, 29. Brussels, 3, 14, 21, 25, 26, 52, 84, 91, 92, 93, 95, 96-119, 120, 128, 133, 150, 159, 160, 218, 287, 290, 307, 440. Bunsen, Chevalier, 456. Burder, Miss Mary, 29, 30. Burnet, Rev. Dr., Vicar of Bradford, 54. 'Burns, Helen.' _See_ Bronte Maria. Burns, Robert, 127, 392. Butterfield, R, 491. CALDWELL, JAMES, 333. Carlisle, Earl of, 425. Carlyle, Mrs., 421. Carlyle, Thomas, 20, 195, 374, 380, 384, 421. Carter family, 81. Cartman, Rev. Dr., 54, 425. Cartwright's mill, 22. Catholics, Charlotte and, 116, 117, 459. _Caxtons_, _The_, 177, 359, 444. _Chambers' Journal_, 244, 329, 411. Chapham, Mrs., 262. Chappelle, M., 111. Chesterfield, Lady, 427. Chorley, Mr., 416. _Christian Remembrancer_, 341, 368, 393. _Church of England Journal_, 407. Clanricarde, Lady, 427. Clapham, Mr., 500. Clapham, Mrs., 37, 182, 500. Clergy Daughters' School, 74, 262, 356. Colburn, Mr., 7. Coleridge, Hartley, 125, 126. Coleridge, S. T., 371. Colin, M. of _L'Etoile Belge_, 111. Collins, Mrs., 81. _Cornhill Magazine_, 25. _Cottage Poems_, 32. _Cottage in the Wood_, 32, 33. _Courier_, 339. Coverley Church, 37. Cowan Bridge, 3, 18, 63, 74, 75, 145, 263, 358. Crackenthorp, 285. _Cranford_, 1. 'Crimsworth', 100. _Critic_, 178, 191, 329, 334, 434. Crosstone Parsonage, 67, 104, 217. Crowe, Mrs., 421. Crystal Palace, 268, 425, 461, 463. Curates at Haworth, 118, 280-292. Curie's Homoeopathy, 171. 'DAILY NEWS', 18, 356, 357, 431. Davenport, Mrs., 463. _David Copperfield_, 397. De Quincey, Thomas, 330. Derby, 441. De Renzi, Rev. Mr., 291, 292, 483. Devonshire, Duke of, 53. Dewsbury, 30. Dewsbury Moor, 75, 77, 78, 79, 91, 92, 145, 215, 260, 262. Dickens, Charles, 199, 270, 397, 410. Dickenson, Lowes, 372. _Die Waise von Lowood_, 164. Dilke, C. W., 338, 408. Dixon, George, 107, 219, 240, 251. Dixon Miss Mary, 107, 119, 219. Dobell, Sydney, 145, 366. Dobsons of Bradford, 41. 'Donne, Mr.' _See_ Grant Rev. Mr. Donnington, 294, 295. Douro, Marquis of, 62, 66, 67, 68, 70. Drury, Rev. Mr., 111. _Dublin Review_, 361. _Dublin University Magazine_, 329, 334, 438. Dury, Caroline, 285. Dury, Rev. Theodore, 104. Dyson, Harriet, 449. EARNLEY RECTORY, 87, 281, 297. Eastlake, Lady, 158, 190, 347, 348, 349, 350, 397. Easton, 299. Eckermann's _Goethe_, 397, 431. _Economist_, 178, 346, 358. Edinburgh, Charlotte in, 452, 453, 454. _Edinburgh Guardian_, 402. _Edinburgh Review_, 361, 407, 418. _Edward Orland_, 251. Ellesmere, Earl of, 463. Elliott, Mrs., 422. Elliotson, Dr., 172. Ellis, Mrs., 418. 'Emanuel Paul.' _See_ Heger, M. Emerson, 176, 189, 391. _Emma_, 24, 399. Epps, Dr., 173. _Esmond_, 275, 276, 403. Euston Square, 107. _Examiner_, 357, 358, 375, 388, 414, 415, 441, 459. Exeter Hall, 355. _Experience of Life_, 275. Eyre, Joan, 221. Eyre, Robert (died 1459), 221. 'FAIR CAREW, THE', 402. _Fanny Hervey_, 177. 'Fanshawe, Ginevra.' _See_ Miller, Maria. Fawcets of Bradford, 41. Fennell, Rev. John, 30, 34, 36, 37, 40, 41, 42, 44, 45, 47, 49, 56, 57, 67, 104, 217. Fennell, Jane (Mrs. Morgan), 34, 37, 49, 50. Fielding, Henry, 407. Filey, 471. _First Performance_, _The_, 445. Fitzwilliam, Earl, 206. Fleeming, W. Lowe, 95. Flossie, jun., 159, 288, 289. Flossy, the dog, 135, 151, 152, 153, 154, 179, 184, 202, 230, 288, 428, 452, 471, 478, 497. Forbes, Dr., 172, 187, 192, 398, 425. Forcade, Eugene, 344, 359. Forster, John, 357, 416. Fonblanque, Mr., 357, 406. _Fraser's Magazine_, 16, 121, 329, 339, 405, 433, 435. GARRS, NANCY, 17, 52. Garrs, Sarah, 17. Gaskell Mrs--the biography of Charlotte Bronte, 1-26; its hiatuses and blunders, 31, 34, 39, 49, 61, 97, 103, 104, 120, 294, 325; on Branwell, 18, 103, 104, 123; Charlotte on, 4, 277; visited by Charlotte, 7, 367, 369, 458, 461, 462, 463, 488; visits Charlotte, 6, 8; and Charlotte's wedding, 491; on Emily, 14, 145; and Patrick, 2, 3, 9, 10, 12, 16, 17, 27, 31, 67; and M. Heger, 14, 108; and Kingsley, 16; and Lewes, 432; and Rev. A. B. Nicholls, 2, 9, 12, 17, 18, 465; and Miss Nussey, 9, 15, 24, 204; and the Robinsons, 18-20, 129, 130; and Mary Taylor, 21, 257, 259; and Thackeray, 428; and Frank Williams, 322; and Rev. Carus Wilson, 18; Miss Wooler on, 278; _Cranford_, 1; _Mary Barton_, 4, 188; _North and South_, 498. Gaskell, Miss Meta, 8, 14. Gaskell, Rev. W, 8, 19, 130. Gawthorpe Hall, 446, 447, 448. George Lovel, 445. Gibson, Mrs., 278. _Gleneden's Dream_, 154-7. Glenelg, Lord, 463. _Globe_, 358. Godwin, William, 195. Goethe, 353, 397, 420, 431, 432. Gomersall, 238, 239, 260. _Gondaland Chronicles_, 146, 147, 150, 153, 154. Gorham, Mary, 244. Grant, Rev. Mr., 118, 119, 290, 291, 468, 478, 481, 484, 492. Greenwood, J, 82, 362, 363. Growler, dog, 154. Grundy's _Pictures of the Past_, 121, 127, 128, 142, 293. Guizot, 373, 374. HABERGHAM, 498. Halifax, 15, 145, 159, 206, 277, 287. Hardy, Mr., 42. Hare's _Guesses at Truth_, 397, 431. Harris, Miss, 91. Harris, Alexander, 168, 188, 195, 199, 440. Harrison, Thomas, 324. Hartshead, 30, 34, 36, 38, 39, 41, 43, 45, 47, 49, 56. Hathersage, 152, 160, 183, 220, 222, 223, 297. Hausse, Mdlle., 114, 442. Haworth--church, 28, 54, 56, 58; curates, 280-92; library, 243; museum, 23; parsonage, 51, 59, 201, 396, 415, 433; 'Lodge of the Three Graces', 124; village in 1828, 58; villagers, 17, 18, 355; Mrs. Gaskell and, 3, 8, 10; _see also_ Nicholls, Nussey, Taylor, Williams. Haxby, 291. Hazlitt, William, 371. Heald, Canon, 443. Heald, Mary, 167, 215, 444. Heald, Harriet, 444. Heap, Mrs., 284. 'Heathcliffe', 414. Heaton, Robert, 58. Hebden Bridge, 54, 58, 495. Heckmondwike, v, 260. Heger, Dr., 26. Heger, M., 14, 108, 96-219. Heger, Madame, 14, 99, 101, 102, 107, 108, 109, 111, 113, 114, 115. Heger's Pensionnat, 96-119, 239, 243, 279. Helps's _Friends in Council_, 354, 431. Hero, the hawk, 147, 151. Herschel, Sir John, 360, 374, 406. Hervey, Fanny, 177, 346. Hewitt, Mrs., 499. Hexham, 90. Hoby, Miss, 81. Hodgson Rev. Mr., 280, 302. Homoeopathy, 169, 171, 172, 194. Horne, R. H., 400, 405, 434, 435. Hornsea, 274. Hotel Clusyenaar, 101. Houghton. _See_ Milnes, Monckton. Howitt, Mary, 393. Howitt, William, 359. Hunsworth, 219, 220, 223, 224, 243. Hunt, Leigh, 195, 338, 371, 406. Hunt, Thornton, 449. Hyde, Dr. Douglas, 29. Hydropathy, 194, 401. ILKLEY, 13, 277. _Illustrated London News_, 441. _Imitation_ of Thomas a Kempis, 30, 31. Ingham, Mrs., 84, 182. 'Ingram, Miss', 350. Ireland, 28, 89, 90, 157, 183, 290, 465, 493. 'Ireland, An adventure in', 64-6. 'JANE EYRE,' authorship, 170, 349, 379, 404, 408; inception, 33, 74, 190, 221, 372; where written, 61; manuscript of, 333; publication, 332; preface, 161, 350, 353; dedication, 403, 408; reprint, 198; proposed illustration of, 342-3; in French, 373, 374; reception, 2, 141, 158, 178, 338-42, 344, 346, 350, 356, 362, 363, 376, 404, 405, 410, 433, 435, 446; dramatised, 162-4; Cowan Bridge controversy, 18; 'Brocklehurst', 18, 245, 339; 'Helen Burns', 56, 404; 'Miss Ingram', 350; 'Mrs. Read', 52; 'Rochester', 162, 405, 409, 410, 414; 'Mrs. Rochester', 339, 408; Charlotte on, 189, 335, 336; Branwell on, 143; Hugh Bronte on, 158; Kingsley on, 16; Mary Taylor on, 245, 252. Jannoy, Hortense, 115. Japp's _De Quincey Memorials_, 330. _Jar of Honey_, 161. Jenkins, Rev. Mr., 92, 93, 97, 98, 99, 111, 116. Jerrold, Douglas, 374. _John Bull_, 386. 'John, Dr.' _See_ Smith, George. Johnson, Dr., 395. Jolly, Rev. J, 56. _Journal from Cornhill_ etc, 188, 320. 'Jupiter', 311-12. KAVANAGH, JULIA, 7, 168, 170, 189, 199, 203, 338, 340, 363, 400, 411, 432. Kavanagh, M.P., 168. Keats, 371. Keene, Laura, 163. Keeper, the dog, 61, 91, 147, 149, 152, 153, 154, 179, 180, 202, 428. Keighley, 58, 106, 281, 291, 429, 431. _Kenilworth_, 200. Keyworth, Rev. Thomas, 221. Kingsley, Charles, 16, 18. Kingston, Anne, 104. Kingston, Elizabeth Jane, 103, 105. Kirk-Smeaton, 483, 490. Kirkstall Abbey, 39, 45. Knowles, Sheridan, 445. LAMARTINE, 402. Lamb, Charles, 263. Lamb, Mary, 263. Lang's _Lockhart_, 350. Lawry, Mrs., of Muswell Hill, 25. _Leader_, 459, 460. Leeds, 49, 107, 127, 206, 359. _Leeds Mercury_, 31. Lewes, George Henry, 338, 339, 345, 355, 356, 358, 361, 400, 406, 407, 410, 418, 432, 433, 435, 445, 450, 468. Leyland's _Bronte Family_, 19, 23, 121, 122, 138, 143. Liege, 240. Lille, 97, 98. Lind, Jenny, 400, 416. Lockhart, J. G., 1, 348, 350. London. _See_ Bronte, Charlotte, in London. London Bridge Wharf, 107. Londonderry, Marchioness of, 427. Louis Philippe, 373, 374. 'Lowood School', 190, 339. Luddenden Foot, 127, 147, 150, 152. Luddite Riots, 206. Lynn, Eliza, 170, 172. Lyttleton's _Advice to a Lady_, 51. Lytton Bulwer, 170, 177, 359, 392, 414, 426. 'MACARTHEY, MR.' _See_ Nicholls. Macaulay's _History_, 187, 229. Macdonald, Frederika, 109. _Macmillan's Magazine_, 25. Macready, the actor, 270, 416, 423. _Madeline_, 168, 170, 189. _Maid of Killarney_, 32, 33. 'Malone, Mr.' _See_ Smith Rev. Peter A. Manchester, 17, 241, 349, 369, 462, 463, 491. Marsh, Mrs., 333, 404. Martineau, Harriet, 4, 5, 6, 17, 25, 205, 251, 255, 278, 312, 313, 366, 368, 416, 442, 445, 454, 455, 456, 457, 459, 460, 469, 473. Martineau, Rev. James, 128. _Mary Barton_, 4, 188. Marzials, Madame, 98. Mayers, H. S., 203. Meredith, George, 370. Merrall, E, 491. Merrall, H, 491. Miles, Rev. Oddy, 58. Mill, John Stuart, 469. Miller, Maria (Mrs. Robertson), 101. Mills, Mrs., 91. Milnes, Monckton, 422, 425, 491. Mirabeau, 384-85. Mirfield, 81, 261. _Mirror_, 142, 407, 410, 435. Miry Shay, near Bradford, 38. _Miss Miles_, 259. _Mrs. Leicester's School_, 263. _Modern Painters_, 195, 387. Moore's _Life_, 402. _Moorland Cottage_, 5. More, Dr., 261. Morgan, Lady, 270. Morgan, Mrs., 277. Morgan, Rev. William, 34, 38, 44, 49, 56, 57, 478, 491. Morley, 58. Morley, John, 370. _Morning Chronicle_, 205, 375, 380. _Morning Herald_, 167, 168, 177, 340. _Morning Post_, 434. Morrison, Alfred, 325. Morton Village, 221. Mossman, Miss, 243. Muhl, Mdlle., 114. NAPOLEON, 375. National Gallery, 387, 423. Near and Far Oxenhope, 58. Nelson, Lord, 29, 73, 127, 358. Newby, Thomas Cautley, 162, 171, 172, 244, 331, 336, 337, 354, 364, 365, 388, 415. _Newcastle Guardian_, 407. Newman, Cardinal, 363. Newton & Robinson, 130. Nicholls, Rev. A. B. Chapter XVII, 464-502; birth, 465; character, 501; Charlotte refers to, 426, 428, 466, 467, 469, 470, 475, 476, 480, 489, 499; Mrs. Gaskell's view of, 464; and Rev. Patrick Bronte, 28, 54, 55, 292, 474, 475, 476, 477, 481, 485, 487; wooing of Charlotte, 472, 473, 475, 476, 480; marriage with Charlotte, 490-1; marriage with Miss Bell, 501; his study at Haworth, 61; in Ireland, 183, 465, 467, 501; on Charlotte's letters, 494; and Mrs. Gaskell's biography, 2, 9, 10-12, 13, 17; and _Charlotte Bronte and her Circle_, v, 24, 97, 160, 332; and Cowan Bridge controversy, 18; his relics of the Brontes, 123-4, 138, 154, 181, 403. Nicholls, Mrs. A. B. (_secunda_), 501. Nicoll, Dr. Robertson, v. Noel, Baptist, 218. Norfolk, Duchess of, 427. _North American Review_, 169. _North British Review_, 313, 346. Nussey, Ellen Chapter VIII, 204-233; her pedigree, 206; at school, 76, 234, 261, 264; at Haworth, 59, 60, 61, 158, 273, 274, 276, 299; in Sussex, 271, 272; visited by Charlotte, 239, 301; help to Mrs. Gaskell, 9-15, 24, 145; _The Story of Charlotte Bronte's Life_, 23, 25; recollections of Anne, 203; recollections of Emily, 178-180; recollections of Miss Wooler, 261; Charlotte's admiration for, 300; Mary Taylor on, 249, 250; letters from Anne, 182-4; letters from Charlotte, v, 76-86, 89-95, 98, 102, 105-7, 116, 119, 131-2, 134-8, 166, 173, 191, 196, 206-32, 237-8, 240-4, 254, 281-91, 295-7, 302-7, 310-2, 314-9, 321, 322, 360, 367, 401, 417, 419, 429, 430, 432, 443, 446, 448-50, 452, 457, 462, 465-9, 472-500; letter from Emily, 160; letter from Canon Heald, 443; letter from Martha Taylor, 240; letter from Mary Taylor, 256, 258. Nussey, George, 85, 86, 89. Nussey, Rev. Henry, 87, 119, 160, 221, 294-301. Nussey, Mrs. Henry, 220, 222, 223. Nussey, John, 206. Nussey, Mrs., 208, 222, 275. Nussey, Mercy, 89, 94, 141, 222, 226. Nussey, Richard, 89. Nussey, Sarah, 89. OAKWORTH, 291. _Observer_, 335, 431. O'Callaghan Castle, 64-6. O'Prunty, Patrick, 29. _Orion_, 434, 435. Orleans, Duchess of, 427. Outhwaite, Miss, 181, 197. _Oxford Chronicle_, 339. PADIHAM, 498. 'Pag.' _See_ Taylor, Mary. _Palladium_, 310, 364, 366, 367. Paris, Charlotte and, 96, 153. Pascal's _Thoughts_, 397. Patchet, Miss, 145, 149. Paxton, Sir Joseph, 54. Payn, James, 370. _Pendennis_, 172. Penzance, 30, 33, 34, 51, 103, 105, 217. Perry, Miss, 422. Phillips, George Searle, 142. Pickles, J, 491. Poems by the sisters--in manuscript, 68-72; Aylott & Jones's edition, 325-331, 334, 348. _Poor Relations_, 164. Port Nicholson, N.Z., 239. Portraits--of Anne, 181; of Branwell, 138; of Charlotte, 123, 294; of Emily, 123. Postlethwaite, Mr., 124. _Prelude_, Wordsworth's, 7. Price, Rev. Mr., 302-3. Procter, Mrs., 408, 422. _Professor_, _The_--its inception, 99, 100, 101; where written, 61; the manuscript, 332; seeking a publisher, 331, 332, 372; its publication, 275, 335; Charlotte on, 336; Mrs. Gaskell's proposed recasting of, 465. Prunty, 157. Puseyite struggle, 368, 400. 'QUARTERLY REVIEW', 158, 176, 190, 195, 347, 348, 350, 351, 352, 393, 397, 408, 410, 412. RAILWAY PANIC, 133. Rands of Bradford, 41. _Ranthorpe_, 411, 432. Rawson, Mr., 42. Read, Mrs. _See_ Branwell, Elizabeth. Redhead, Rev. Mr., 17. Redman, Joseph, 55, 479. Reform Bill, 121. Reid, Sir Wemyss, vi, 23, 24. 'Reuter, Mdlle. Zoraide.' _See_ Heger, Madame. Revue des deux Mondes, 344, 345, 361. Richmond's portrait of Charlotte, 294. Rigby, Miss. _See_ Eastlake, Lady. Ringrose, Miss, 135, 225, 227. Ritchie, Mrs. Richmond, 420-23. 'Rivers, St John', 245. Robertson, Mr. ('Helstone'), 430, 443. Robinson, Rev. Edmund, 18, 129, 136, 146, 148. Robinson, Mrs. Edmund, 18, 19, 128, 129, 130, 136, 137, 182. Robinson, Edmund jun., 112, 129. Robinson, Misses, 137, 154, 182, 288. Robinson, William, of Leeds, 123. Robinson's _Emily Bronte_, 121, 122. 'Rochester', 162, 405, 409, 410, 414. 'Rochester, Mrs.', 339, 408. Roe Head, 14, 15, 62, 63, 75, 76, 113, 120, 145, 182, 204, 206, 209, 213, 260, 261, 269, 293. Rogers, Samuel, 463. Rouse Mill, 215. Ruddock, Dr., 231, 232. 'Rue Fossette.' _See_ Rue d'Isabelle. Rue d'Isabelle, 99, 100, 107, 108, 111, 117. _Rural Minstrel_, 32. Ruskin, John, 195, 371, 387, 429. Ruskin John James, 371. Russell, Lord John, 400. Rydings, 206, 212. S. GUDULE, 117. St. John's College, Cambridge, 28, 97. Samplers worked by the Branwells, 34; by the Brontes, 56, 57, 181. Saunders, Rev. Moses, 58. Scarborough, 147, 148, 197, 198, 200, 203, 219, 221, 233, 271, 272. _Scotsman_, 337. Scott, Sir Walter, 1, 199, 208, 429. Sewell, Elizabeth, 260. Shaen, William, 130. _Sharpe's Magazine_, 10, 452. _Sheffield Iris_, 407. _Shirley_, the curates of, 190, 280, 288, 291, 443, 468; other characters in, 234, 236, 238, 346; authorship of, 351, 431, 442; French in, 353; Charlotte on, 345, 351, 396, 456; Charles Kingsley on, 16; Harriet Martineau on, 4, 456; Rev. A. B. Nicholls on, 468; Mary Taylor on, 248, 251; general reception of, 178, 354, 355, 358, 360, 418, 443, 446. Shuttleworth, Lady, 6, 446, 448, 450, 462, 463. Shuttleworth, Sir James Kay, 3, 6, 15, 230, 255, 266, 419, 446, 447, 450, 454, 457, 458, 462, 463, 468, 473, 495, 496, 498. Shuttleworth, Sir U. J. Kay, 446. Sidgwicks of Stonegappe, 79-84, 112, 113, 149. Skelton, John, 402. _Sketch_, _The_, 111. Skipton, 54, 58. Smith Elder & Co, 5, 7, 9, 163, 176, 204, 271, 307, 311, 314, 331, 335, 336, 340, 370, 371, 372, 407, 408, 410. Smith, George; and Anne, 415; and Emily, 388; and _Jane Eyre_, 198, 362, 363, 372; and _Shirley_, 178, 188, 189, 190, 351, 352, 356; and _Villette_, 366, 429; and _Wuthering Heights_, 365; sends books to Charlotte, 161, 188, 334, 384, 387, 398; meets Charlotte, 187, 419, 430-3, 441, 462; writes Charlotte, 449; and James Taylor, 315, 317, 321; and Thackeray, 403, 420-1, 427, 428; Charlotte's opinion of, 318, 364, 386, 417, 430, 445; and Charlotte's marriage, 491. Smith, Mrs. (mother of George Smith), 417, 419, 429, 430, 450, 452, 453, 462. Smith, Rev. Peter Augustus, 28, 118, 119, 288, 302, 465. 'Snowe, Lucy', 108, 367. Sophia, Mdlle., 114. Southey, 399. Sowden, Rev. George, 54, 478, 493, 494, 495, 496, 498, 499. Sowerby Bridge, 127. _Spectator_, 178, 338, 344, 441. Stanbury, 58, 59. _Standard of Freedom_, 167, 358, 359. Stephen, Sir James, 19. Stephen, Leslie, 19. Stephenson, Mr., 128. Stonegappe, 79, 80, 82. Stuart, Dr. J. A. Erskine, 28. _Sun_, 177. _Sunday Times_, 407, 435. Sutherland, Duchess of, 424. Swain, Mrs. John, 159. Swarcliffe, 81-3. 'Sweeting, Rev. Mr.' _See_ Bradley. Swinburne, A. C., on Emily, 146. 'TABLET', 405. Talfourd's _Lamb_, 263. Tatham, Mr., 37. Taylor, Ellen, 132, 136, 243, 244, 252, 254. Taylor, George, 104, 491. Taylor, Henry, 245, 254. Taylor, James appearance, 309; history, 307, 323-24; illness, 177, 360; at Haworth, 308, 314; Charlotte on, 310-11, 314, 315, 316, 317, 318, 321, 322, 392, 430, 462; Charlotte's letters to, 309, 313, 319, 345, 354, 442, 456, 458; his opinion of _Shirley_, 355, 393; and Mrs. Gaskell's biography, 9; his marriage, 324; his death, 324. Taylor, Mrs. James, 324. Taylor, Jessie, 236. Taylor, Joe, 243. Taylor, John, 243. Taylor, Joshua, 25. Taylor, Louisa, 394, 395. Taylor, Martha, 87, 96, 97, 98, 102, 235, 240, 433. Taylor, Mr., father of Mary Taylor, 236, 238, 251. Taylor, Mary Chapter IX, 234-259; at school, 9, 261; in Brussels, 91, 92, 96, 98, 239; in New Zealand, 85, 132, 220, 238, 241-59, 290; illness of, 78, 84; letters to Charlotte, 210, 244-52, 254-56, 419; description of Charlotte, 293; Charlotte and, 77, 90, 131, 196, 207, 212, 223, 232, 306; and Mrs. Gaskells biography, 9, 21-3, 259; Miss Nussey's description of, 234-37. Taylor, Rose, 236. Taylor & Hessey, 371. Taylor Waring, 239, 240, 252, 253. Taylor Yorke, 236. Teale, Mr., 187, 194. 'Temple, Miss', 339. _Tenant of Wildfell Hall_, writing of, 364; publication, 184; reception of, 387, 412; its value, 181. Tennyson's _Poems_, 189. Thackeray, William Chapter XV, 403-428; on Charlotte, 25, 403, 428; on _Jane Eyre_, 404, 406, 408; _Jane Eyre_ dedicated to, 403, 408; compared to Charlotte, 348-49, 408; visited by Charlotte, 416, 418, 420-3, 441; sends _Vanity Fair_ to Charlotte, 1, 403; his illness, 356; his illustrations, 342; his lectures, 403, 427; Charlotte on, 172, 177, 188, 199, 270, 275, 276, 319, 320, 333, 340, 343, 362, 374, 391, 404, 406, 411, 412, 419, 423; Lady Eastlake on, 348; Charles Kingsley on, 16; his friendship with W. S. Williams, 371. Thackeray, Mrs., 408. Thiers, 373, 374, 375. Thomas, R, 491. Thornton, 3, 51, 56, 123, 181. Thorp Green, 112, 128, 146, 148, 150, 152, 182. _Three Paths_, 168. Tiger, 151, 152. Tighe, Rev. Mr., 28. _Times_, 18, 129, 130, 362, 441. Tootill, John, 104. Trollope, Mrs., 270, 407, 409. Truelock, Miss, 422. Turner, J. M. W., 270, 371, 387, 423. UPPERWOOD HOUSE, RAWDON, 85-94, 96, 238. 'VANITY FAIR', 1, 172, 349, 403, 411, 412, 413. 'Verdopolis', 123. Vernon, Solala, 149. _Victorian Magazine_, 259. Victoria, Queen, 426, 427. _Villette_--its inception, 96, 99, 100, 101, 111, 116, 420; publication, 277; its reception, 279, 366, 367; George Smith and, 204, 429; in Brussels, 109; confession, incident in, 116. Vincent, Mr., 304. Voltaire's _Henriade_, 76. WAINWRIGHT, Mrs., 54. Walker, Reuben, 206. Walton, Miss Agnes, 282, 283, 285. Watman, Rev. Mr., 37. Watt's _Improvement of the Mind_, 182. Weatherfield, Essex, 29, 30. _Weekly Chronicle_, 358, 404. Weightman, Rev. William, 86, 92, 102, 128, 179, 183, 284-7, 289, 306, 467. Wellesley, Lord Charles, 62, 69. Wellington, Duke of, 62, 63, 455. Wellington, N. Z., 21, 245, 247, 249, 250, 258. Wells's _Joseph and his Brethren_, 371. Wesley, John, 30, 31. Westerman, Mrs., 444. Westminster, Marquis of, 463. _Westminster Review_, 205, 433, 469. Whately's _English Social Life_, 397. Wheelwright, Dr., 100, 111, 294, 430, 469, 470, 491. Wheelwright, Laetitia, 25, 26, 100, 101, 109, 293, 294, 440, 441, 449, 453, 460, 469, 482. Wheelwright, Mrs., 470. White, Sarah Louisa, 95. Whites of Rawdon, 84-94, 96, 112, 147, 149, 152, 239. Williams, Anna, 372. Williams, E. Thornton, vi, 25. Williams, Ellen, 394. Williams, Fanny, 344, 372, 383, 384, 393, 394, 415. Williams, Frank, 322, 402. Williams, Louisa, 394, 395. Williams, W. S. Chapter XIV, 370-402; discovery of Charlotte, 9; sends books to Charlotte, 429; and _The Professor_, 332; on _Wuthering Heights_, 161; Charlotte's letters to, vi, 3-7, 25, 138-141, 161-177, 185-191, 194-9, 200-3, 205, 232, 308, 321, 322, 333-67, 371-402, 404-17, 418, 420, 433-40, 444-8, 455; meets Charlotte, 318; Charlotte's description of, 430; and Charlotte's wedding, 491. Williams, Mrs., 4, 7, 359, 362, 376, 383, 386, 390, 393, 396, 398, 415, 440, 447. Willing, James, 164. Wills, W. G., 164. Wilson, Rev. Carus, 18, 75, 245, 339. Windermere, 230, 266. Wise, Thomas J., vi. Wiseman, Cardinal, 461. Wood, Mr. Butler, vi. Wood House Grove, 34, 36, 38, 39, 41, 43, 47, 49. Woodward, Mr., of Wellington N. Z., 249. Wooler, Miss C., 264. Wooler, Mr., 215. Wooler, Mrs., 77. Wooler, Margaret Chapter x, 260-79; her history, 260-1; her school, 75, 77, 78, 91, 92, 96, 145, 181, 214, 215, 234, 235, 284; Charlotte's letters to, 8, 132-4, 193, 199, 262-78, 367-9; Charlotte and, 87, 207, 212, 249, 262, 492; Miss Nussey on, 261-2; at the Nusseys', 477; and Mary Taylor, 234, 249, 258; and Charlotte's wedding, 487, 491; and Mrs. Gaskell, 12, 13, 14, 278. Wordsworth, William, 7, 142, 312. Wright's _Brontes in Ireland_, 157, 158. _Wuthering Heights_--its inception, 157, 158, 159, 246, 414; authorship of, 122, 142, 143, 340, 342; publication of, 161, 331; reception of, 255, 350, 459; reprint of, 364, 365; its light on Emily, 144; Charlotte on, 162, 336, 337; sent to Mrs. Gaskell, 5. YARMOUTH, 369. Yates, W. W., vi. York, 130, 200. 'Yorke, Rose.' _See_ Taylor Mary. '--- of Briarmains.' _See_ Taylor, Mr., banker. _Young Men's Magazine_, 66, 68. ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS, 451. ***END OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK CHARLOTTE BRONTE AND HER CIRCLE*** ******* This file should be named 19011.txt or 19011.zip ******* This and all associated files of various formats will be found in: http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/1/9/0/1/19011 Updated editions will replace the previous one--the old editions will be renamed. Creating the works from public domain print editions means that no one owns a United States copyright in these works, so the Foundation (and you!) can copy and distribute it in the United States without permission and without paying copyright royalties. Special rules, set forth in the General Terms of Use part of this license, apply to copying and distributing Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works to protect the PROJECT GUTENBERG-tm concept and trademark. 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